General Training Programmes

13. 07. 05
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Sitra Training programmes

Freshers and refresher training for spinning mill operatives 

This programme is meant for imparting training for operatives on tenting jobs of all departments in a spinning mill. Each batch of the programme is department-specific and covers aspects like scenario of the Indian textile industry, duties and responsibilities of workers, Do’s and Don’ts at work place, quality improvement & waste reduction, importance of machinery maintenance, labour and machine productivity, count and count calculations, production calculations, new spinning systems, communication and its importance at the work place, disciplinary measures, accident and safety, house keeping and materials handling procedures, etc. The training methodology involves a judicious mix of theory and practicals. 


The departments covered include blow room, carding, combing, drawing, simplex, ring spinning, open end spinning, winding, doubling, TFO, reeling, singeing and ancillary jobs like doffing (simplex/spinning) and machine cleaning.

Duration : 3 days for experienced workers and 5 to 7 days for new recruits. Maximum workers strength per batch: 15 

Jobbers' development programme  

Modernisation and other rationalisation considerations have radically redefined the traditional role of jobbers who are now expected to perform redefined multi-function roles as trainers, motivators, counsellors, grievance handlers, mediators/ communicators, facilitators/change-agents, and leaders/team-builders capable of tapping the potentials of the work force.

This programme apart from emphasizing their redefined role and functions, also aims to create an awareness amongst jobbers the importance of proper planning, productivity, quality maintenance, cost reduction, material handling and waste control, etc.

Duration: 3 days.

Operatives Training Programmes

Textile industry continues to be labour-intensive even in the present scenario. Technological developments have resulted in the automation of many processes in the textile industry. With it comes the need for operatives’ skills‚ knowledge and ability to man these machinery/instruments. It also requires workmen to produce results by the practice of better work habits at the work place and ultimately‚ improve the quality of products and enhance productivity. 

SITRA’s training programmes for operatives are designed with the objective of 

  • imparting skill at the work place.
  • reduce learning period.
  • instill good habits of work.
  • maintain discipline.

It is envisaged that an improved work culture, brought about through the training, will bring in the following direct benefits to the mills: 

  • improved quality of output.
  • good house keeping.
  • less spoilage of materials.
  • proper material handling.
  • less incidence of waste.
  • higher rates of production.
  • fewer accidents.
  • overall positive work culture.

Training is conducted at mills with a choice of medium of instruction from any of the five languages – Hindi‚ Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu.

Since inception in 1982, the Labour Research and Training Centre of SITRA has trained around 50,000 spinning mill workers from various regions of India and abroad.

Performance evaluation of operatives

Maintaining a staff inventory requires mills to take stock of the talents of their workmen on a regular basis.  Such an inventory will provide a realistic estimate of the number of operatives with different KSA (Knowledge, Skill and Aptitude) levels who may be utilised for any further assignments/expansions.  The inventory providing individual capabilities of workmen would also help mills in many other crucial management decisions.

Towards the above, SITRA offers its expertise to have a comprehensive analysis of the workmen in terms of their KSAs.  Individual workers are studied on their aptitude to do textile related jobs, skill and efficiency at which they are currently working and also the extent of their commitment and positive attitude to work in the mills.  Based on this, a comprehensive report is provided to mills covering the above areas.

Scientific recruitment of operatives

Great attention has to be paid to the process of selecting operatives to ensure "best fit" between job requirements on one hand and the operatives' personal qualification on the other. Faculty judgement can have a far reaching impact on the textile mill's functioning by adversely affecting its labour productivity, waste level, quality of product etc.

Managements which used to adopt certain pseudo-scientific basis for selection, have, of late realised the need to use more scientific and reliable methods of selection for two reasons. 

  • No matter how effective the method of selection, some margin of error is always likely to be present. The purpose of using scientific methods is to reduce this error as much as possible and select individuals who will, by and large, perform well in the textile mill.
  • Cost of subsequent training and development will get reduced significantly.

Since jobs in textile mills are mostly semi-skilled, repetitive and monotonous, it is of utmost importance to select only those individuals who will match these requirements and also have a personality disposition to do jobs of this nature. By doing so, mills can not only ensure that the recruited workes will be able to fulfill the requirements in their jobs, but also show greater commitment and involvement . 

SITRA has been offering the service of scientific recruitment of operatives by helping mills to select individuals who posses the requisite skill, aptitude and  attribute for textile mill working.

Union leaders development programme 

Some of the major Trade Unions like AITUC, BMS, and CITU have been utilizing this service offered by SITRA for the past 15 years to train their members. The programme deals with topics like duties and responsibilities of Union Leaders and importance of work practices of operatives, product quality and machine maintenance, meaning of work load and work assignment.